Symbolic play is the pretend play, the play in which the significance of objects and actions changes in order to respond to a hypothetical situation. In the symbolic play children use the objects not only with their conventional use, but they give them a different status, adjusting them to their needs and ideas (e.g. a little box becomes a car or train). Also, they reproduce behaviours, their own or others’, and so they imitate for example that the dad sleeps, they feed their doll etc.
The symbolic play appears after the first year of life and is characterized by the capacity of mental representation. Important role to the development of this capacity is played by the conquests of the child in the field of language, especially the ability to distinguish the symbols (eg the word “car”) from the objects that are referred to (eg the car itself).
The importance of symbolic play
The symbolic play is an important bridge with the reality, it satisfies emotional and cognitive needs and it’s crucial for the “initiation” of the child to the culture and its values. Furthermore, it minimizes the impact that an action could have under other circumstances, and so it helps the child to express itself and learn in a pressure-free environment. Thus, they are created the suitable conditions for experimentation, exploration and use of objects or and roles with imagination and originality. Also, the child expresses needs, desires, feelings and prohibited behaviours and experiences roles of everyday life.
Vygotsky’s theory about pretend play
Play is not just a prominent feature of childhood, but it guides the development, it’s the “driving force” of the development. “As in the focus of a magnifying glass, play contains all developmental tendencies in a condensed form and it is itself a major source of development. In play a child always behaves beyond his average age, above his daily behavior; in play it is as though he were a head taller than himself… play creates a zone of proximal development” (Vygotsky, 1978).
Why children play?
The child of preschool age, to overcome the tension of the many unfulfilled desires/ needs (which cannot be fulfilled immediately), plays and his play allows him to carry out these needs through imagination. These needs create the “imaginary situation”; the child creates the imaginary situation in his play as long as his needs/desires are not fulfilled in reality.
Imaginary play and rules
So as to create the imaginary situation, the child must set and maintain rules, which derive from the imaginary play itself. But if the imaginary play has rules, then what about the game with rules? Every game with rules contains an imaginary situation in a concealed form. “The development from games with an overt imaginary situation and covert rules to games with overt rules and a covert imaginary situation outlines the evolution of children’s play” (Vygotsky, 1978).
When objects lose their determining force?
In play, the child is acting based on the meaning rather than on the real object. So, he acts independently from what is in the visual field and his action is consequence of ideas rather than objects. The substitute object acquires its meaning not from its external similarity with the real, but because it permits child to act as he would act with the real object.
A sister with a clear role!
At the symbolic play of roles, characteristics and rules implied by the role and which are not so clear for the child in the daily life, are becoming clear by playing the role. That go unnoticed in real life of the child, becomes rule of behaviour during the play. This maintains the understanding about the role, but also it “requires” the child to use the characteristics of the role as rules.
A candy that is not eaten!
Playing, the child does everything he wants, but at the same time he subjugates himself, by will, to rules and he renounces his most delightful habits. He will never eat the candy when this, under the rules of the game is not eaten- it’s the wheel of his car.
Therefore, in the game…
-the child achieves the maximum self-control and at the same time does that he likes best, he has the greatest self-determination
-the child achieves the first emancipation from the situational constraints
-the child appropriates socio-cultural practices.
Thus, play creates zone of proximal development
The child can behave above his daily development, in play it is as though he were a head taller than himself. The context of play creates the conditions to for operating in a more advanced level, even when the child plays alone.
Vygotsky L., The Role of Play in Development. In Mind in Society (Trans. M. Cole), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978
Avgitidou S., Play: Modern research and and teaching approaches, ΤΥΠΟΘΗΤΩ, Athens, 2001
Eleni Skafida, Greece. She is 22 years old and studied on National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, at the Faculty of Early Childhood Education from September 2008 to July 2012.
She has a great interest in education of little children and she's searching for alternative approaches and ways of educating. She truly believes in the power of play on children's development and its role as an educational teaching strategy. She's also researching on children's literature and books but also on new technologies in education.
She is a volunteer of AthensPlaython, and took part in 2 festivals where children played and created their own original Olympic sports.
oakley sunglasses outletReplyDelete
ralph lauren outlet online
jordan femmes pas cher
ed hardy store
louis vuitton outlet online
true religion outlet store
More often than not I don't make remarks on sites, however I'd like to say this article truly constrained me to do as such. Truly pleasant post! MovierulzReplyDelete
Fascinating and stunning how your post is! It Is Useful and accommodating for me That I like it all that much, and I am anticipating Hearing from your next..ReplyDelete
Content Management in a Knowledge Management
Pet Bounce Is A Supplements Formulated From Natural Ingredients To Get Rid Of Joint Pain Exclusively In Dogs! Read In-Depth Pet Bounce ReviewReplyDelete
Male Vitality Review: How Safe And Effective Is This Product?ReplyDelete
There are many male enhancement formulas available in the market, but a few stand out. Some does not even meet the requirements of being a sexual enhancer. Fortunately, there are some male enhancers that target the needs of men, and one of them is Male Vitality. What is Male Vitality?
Great and amazing post.Thanks for share.ReplyDelete
given article is very helpful and very useful for my admin, and pardon me permission to share articles here hopefully helped :ReplyDelete
Cara menyembuhkan radang hati
Cara mengobati infeksi lambung
Obat gudik ampuh
Cara menyembuhkan biduran
Cara mengobati kencing batu tanpa operasi
Cara menyembuhkan bronkitis kronis
Cara mengobati batu empedu dengan obat tradisional
Cara mengobati sakit dada sebelah kanan
prepared keto meals keto fiber supplement But if you’re considering this diet, you’ll probably want to know about the side effects before you decide if it’s right for you. how does slim fast ketoReplyDelete
stone island outletReplyDelete
russell westbrook shoes
kyrie irving shoes
calvin klein underwear
yeezy boost 500
Nice to see your content. You are sharing such a great info.ReplyDelete
Want to know about best ways to say happy birthday? Just go on our website
Birthday Wishes For All
Birthday Wishes For Friends
Birthday Wishes For Mother
Birthday Wishes For Elders
Birthday Wishes For Father
Birthday Wishes For Husband
Birthday Wishes For Wife